Aim: The elderly
population in the world is increasing every year. On the other hand, diseases
with severe morbidity and mortality are associated with aging. Cognitive
dysfunction and dementia play an important role in these syndromes. The
awareness and prevention of the modifiable factors is very significant in this
regard. Sleep disorders associated with aging are a frequent but often ignored
problem in the geriatric population. The aim of the study was to investigate
the relationship between insomnia and cognitive functions of patients.
Individuals over 65 years of age who applied to the internal medicine
department with insomnia problem were included in the study. Patients who were
currently diagnosed with dementia, mild cognitive disorder and depression and
those diagnosed during their outpatient clinic applications were not included
in the study. Katz Activities of daily Living Scale, Lawton Brody Instrumental
Activities of Daily Living Scale were applied to all patients. The cognitive
functions of the participants were evaluated by Mini Mental State Assessment
Test (MMSE). The resultsi and the relationship between insomnia and cognitive
functions were evaluated.
Results: The mean age of
the participants was 71.5 ± 5.4 years and 311 (47.7%) patients were female. The
number of patients with insomnia was 254 (39%). 568 (87.1%) people obtained 24
points or more from MMSE. İnsomnia increases the deterioration in cognitive
functions by 1.6 times (95% Confidence Interval; 1.1 -2.5, p: 0.04).
Conclusion: The awareness and
treatment of insomnia in elders may be useful in improving cognitive functions.
Therefore, chronic insomnia should be paid attention in elderly people.
|Subjects||Health Care Sciences and Services|
|Journal Section||Medical Science Research Articles|
|Publication Date||March 28, 2019|
|Published in Issue||Year 2019Volume: 41 Issue: 1|