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Cancer Incidence During The Covid-19 Pandemic In A Middle Anatolian City In Turkey

Year 2022, Volume 44, Issue 3, 288 - 295, 01.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.7197/cmj.1171410

Abstract

Objective: Cancer-related deaths in all countries of the world, including our country, are the second leading cause of deaths after cardiovascular diseases. Covid-19 is a pandemic disease affecting many organs but primarily the lung. The aim of this study is to compare the cancer incidences in the pre-Covid-19 period and during Covid-19 pandemic period in Sivas province by means of age, gender and cancer type distribution of the patients.
Methods: The population of the study consists of the patients who applied to health institutions in Sivas between 01.11.2018 and 30.06.2021 and were diagnosed as cancer for the first time. The main variable of the study was cancer incidence. The time variable was the 16-monthtime period comprising before Covid-19 pandemic and during the pandemic period separately. In addition, patients diagnosed with cancer in both periods wasevaluated and compared according to age groups, gender and the type of cancer.
Results: In this study, the pre-pandemic period and the pandemic period were compared. It was determined that 1355 patients were diagnosed as cancer during the pre-pandemic period and 1720 patients during the pandemic period. The incidence, which was 212.1 per hundred thousand in the previous period, increased to 270.5 per hundred thousand during the 16-month pandemic period.
Conclusion: The incidence of cancer increased during the pandemic period compared to the pre-pandemic period.  

References

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Year 2022, Volume 44, Issue 3, 288 - 295, 01.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.7197/cmj.1171410

Abstract

References

  • 1. Ministry of Health of the Republic of Turkey. What is Covid-19?.https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/TR-66300/covid-19-nedir-.html. Cited: September 2021. [Internet].
  • 2. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march- 20204. Updated September 2021. [Internet].
  • 3. Ministry of Health of the Republic of Turkey. Minister Koca Evaluated Turkey's 1-Year Fight Against Covid-19.https://www.saglik.gov.tr/TR,80604/bakan-koca-turkiyenin-kovid-19la-1-yillik-mucadele-surecini-degerledi.htmlUpdated:September 2021. [Internet].
  • 4. Öğütlü H. Turkey's response to COVID-19 in terms of mental health. Ir J Psychol Med. 2020; 37(3):222-225.
  • 5. Czeisler MÉ, Marynak K, Clarke KE, Salah Z, Shakyaet I, Thierry JM, et al. Delay or Avoidance of Medical Care Because of COVID-19–Related Concerns — United States, June 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020;69:1250–1257.
  • 6. World Health Organization.Cancer.https://www.who.int/health-topics/cancer#tab=tab_1. [cited 2021 August 02]. [Internet].
  • 7. World Health Organization. Noncommunicable diseases.https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases3. [cited 2021 August 02]. [Internet].
  • 8. European Cancer Organization. Covid-19 & Cancer Data Intelligence.https://www.europeancancer.org/timetoact/impact/data intelligence. [cited 2021 August 02].[Internet].
  • 9. Anacak Y, Onal C, Ozyigit G, Agaoglu F, Akboru H, Akyürek S, et al. Changes in radiotherapy practice during COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey: A report from the Turkish Society for Radiation Oncology. Radiother Oncol. 2020; 150:43-45.
  • 10. Duran AB, Ant A, Tunçcan T, Kılıç C, Şen AE, et al. The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Head and Neck Cancer Practice –A Tertiary Health Care Center Experience. Acta Oncologica Turcica 2021; 54: 318-327
  • 11. TUIK. Address Based Population Registration System Results, 2018https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Adrese-Dayali-Nufus-Kayit-Sistemi-Sonuclari-2018. [cited 2021 August 02]. [Internet].
  • 12. Kempf E, Lamé G, Layese R, Priou S, Chatellier G, Chaieb H,et al. New cancer cases at the time of SARS-Cov2 pandemic and related public health policies: A persistent and concerning decrease long after the end of the national lockdown. Eur J Cancer. 2021;150:260-267.
  • 13. Dinmohamed AG, Visser O, Verhoeven RHA, Louwman MWJ, Nederveen FH, Willems SM, et al. Fewer cancer diagnoses during the COVID-19 epidemic in the Netherlands. Lancet Oncol. 2020;21(6):750-751.
  • 14. Lai AG, Pasea L, Banerjee A, Denaxas S, Katsoulis M, Chang WH, et al. Estimating excess mortality in people with cancer and multimorbidity in the COVID-19 emergency. medRxiv. 2020; 15(11): 1-10
  • 15. Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Cemal A. Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA CANCER J CLIN 2018;68:394–424
  • 16. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Health General Directorate of Public Health. Turkey Cancer Statistics 2017. https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/birimler/kanserdb/istatistik/Turkiye_Kanser_Istatistikleri_2017.pdf.[cited 2021 September 10].
  • 17. Bostancı ME, Bozkurt B, Atabey M, Özel Mİ, Soylu S, Kurt A, et al. Thyroid cancer incidence in thyroidectomies carried out in Sivas. Cumhuriyet Medical Journal. 2015;37(2):142-146.
  • 18. World Health Organization. International Agency for Research on Cancer. World. Source: Globocan 2020 .https://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/populations/900-world-fact-sheets.pdf.[cited 2021 September 10].
  • 19. World Health Organization. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Turkey. Source: Globocan 2020. https://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/populations/792-turkey-fact-sheets.pdf.[cited 2021 September 10].
  • 20. Maringe C, Spicer J, Morris M, Purushotham A, Nolte E, Sullivan R, et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer deaths due to delays in diagnosis in England, UK: a national, population-based, modeling study. Lancet Oncol. 2020;21(8):1023-1034.
  • 21.Reyes R, López-Castro R, Auclin E, García T, Chourio MJ, Rodriguez A, et al. MA03.08 Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in the Diagnosis and Prognosis of Lung Cancer. Journal of Thoracic Oncology.2021; 16: 141.
  • 22. Porav-Hodade D, Balan D, Gerasim R, Vida OA, Todea-Moga C, Voidazan S, et al. Decrease in prostate cancer detection during COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Men's Health. 2021. 17(4);151-155.
  • 23. Spartalis E, Plakopitis N, Theodori MA, Karagiannis SP, Athanasiadis DI, Spartalis M, et al. Thyroid cancer surgery during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: perioperative management and oncological and anatomical considerations. Future Oncology. 2021;17(32), 4389-4395.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Surgical Science Research Articles
Authors

Serkan ÇELİKGÜN> (Primary Author)
DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1825-3113
Türkiye


Tülay KOÇ>
SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-8612-0238
Türkiye


Reyhan UÇKU>
DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-0254-571X
Türkiye

Publication Date October 1, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 44, Issue 3

Cite

APA Çelikgün, S. , Koç, T. & Uçku, R. (2022). Cancer Incidence During The Covid-19 Pandemic In A Middle Anatolian City In Turkey . Cumhuriyet Medical Journal , 44 (3) , 288-295 . DOI: 10.7197/cmj.1171410